Healthy Child - Keeping the flower of the child is not easy, especially in this era of instant paced. It is not enough to rely solely on existing theories, but parents are required to have knowledge of the nutrients the child needs.
Many studies have shown that malnutrition can affect behavior, development, and health problems, from allergies, asthma, to hyperactivity.
Here are the vitamins and minerals needed for a child:
- Vitamin A
Plays an important role for healthy eyes, promotes bone growth, prevents infection, improves health, cell growth and tissues in the body including hair, nails, and skin.
- Vitamin C
Vitamin C is useful to help shape and repair red blood cells, bones and body tissues, helps maintain healthy gums, strengthens blood vessels, reduces the impact of bruises, boosts the immune system, and prevents infection. It also helps the body in absorbing iron from foods rich in iron.
- Vitamin D
Vitamin D helps bone growth as well as strong teeth, by helping the body in absorbing calcium. It is very important that the child can achieve maximum growth of bone mass.
- Vitamin E
Vitamin E is useful for limiting free radicals that can damage the body's cells. It is also important for immune, DNA repair, and other metabolic processes of the body.
- Essential fatty acids (EFAs)
These fatty acids are useful for helping the formation of cells, regulating the nervous system, strengthening the cardiovascular system, the immune system, and helping the body absorb nutrients. EFA is needed for healthy brain function and vision.
Calcium is useful for building strong bones and teeth, promoting healthy nerves and muscle function, and helping the body to convert food into energy.
Iron is important for producing hemoglobin (the carrier of oxygen in the blood) and myoglobin (the pigment that stores oxygen in the muscle). Iron deficiency can cause anemia, which can lead to fatigue, weakness, and irritability.
Magnesium performs its functions of maintaining strong bones and maintaining a stable heart rhythm, supporting the immune system, and helping to maintain muscle and nerve function.
Potassium is important for controlling the balance of body fluids along with sodium, which will help to keep blood pressure normal. In addition, potassium also helps the muscle function and keep the heart rhythm.
Zinc is needed more than 70 enzymes to help digestion and metabolism.
All the above nutrients are needed by children to optimize their growth. There are some conditions in which these nutrients can not be met, such as children do not want to consume vegetables, children do not want fish or anything, it is necessary supplements containing the above mentioned nutrients with the amount that is not excessive because the body can not produce their own vitamins and minerals. Vitamins and minerals can only be obtained from the intake of nutrients outside.